Planning and conducting production oriented, need based short and long duration training courses both on campus as well as in the villages for various target groups like practising farmer/ farm women, rural youth and field level extension functionaries with priority on the weaker and the poor is one of the important mandated activity of the KVK. KVK, Jorhat since its inception had been conducting on and off campus trainings in various disciplines like crop production, horticulture, soil science, plant protection, fishery science, animal science, home science etc. with an emphasis on
"Learning by doing" for higher production on farms and generating self-employment.
During the year 2015-16, under the crop production discipline, trainings on scientific production practices of rice, oilseeds, pulses, sugarcane, potato, weed management, nutrient management, seed treatment, seed production were conducted. Through the trainings 268 numbers of trained farmers' extension personnel were produced in 2015-16 to peruse science and management led agriculture in the district. They acquired knowledge and developed practical skill on scientific management practices of different crops like cereals, pulses, oil seeds, horticultural crops, tuber crops, fodder and sugar crops.
Trainings on production technology of fruits & vegetables, spices, organic cultivation of spices were conducted under the discipline of horticultural crops. post-harvest value addition in fruits, vegetables & spices, component of integrated farming system, nursery raising, floriculture, propagation methods, pruning, thinning etc. were imparted. Trainings in horticulture encouraged several farmers to start commercial horticultural crop ventures like Bhutjolokia (king chilli) farming, banana and Assam lemon plantations, kharif and rabi vegetables, floriculture etc.
Trainings on IPM, ITK, pesticide application, care and handling of pesticides application equipment, Mushroom cultivation, bee keeping, storage pest management, application of bio-pesticides, use of Trichocard and pheromone trap etc. were imparted under the plant protection during the year 2015-16. Almost 70% of the total trained farmers adopted some of the specific eco-friendly pest management strategies like IPM, use of trichocards, pheromone traps against Lepidopteran pests of rice and vegetables, Biofor PF2 against wilt in brinjal and tomato and ITKs against different rice pests.
Trainings in soil science influenced the farmers to adopt INM practices in cereals, oilseeds, pulses and vegetables, froitcrops, Soil health management, Production and use of bio inputs e.g. vermicompost, Azolla, microbial fertilizers etc. 223 nos of trained farmer were turned out to follow the different science based technology for soil health management in the district. They also developed skill on production of vermicompost, enriched compost and Azolla.
Training in animal sector made the farmers aware about the improved breeds particularly of pig, goat, duck and backyard poultry. This skill up-gradation led to large scale adoption of various animal ventures by the farmers. Farmers started adopting improved poultry birds like Vanaraja, Khaki Campbell and Chara- Chambeli ducks. Cross bred piglets of Hampshire, T&D with local desi sows benefitted the farmers immensely.
The impact of trainings in the fishery science include adoption of commercial fish farming by 50 farm families, paddy cum fish culture by 19 farmers and fishery based farming system by another 11 farmers enhanced the fish production significantly both in terms of production and productivity. Commercial fish seed production adopted by 7 numbers of farmers now contributes to 15% of the fish seed production of the district.
Value addition to woven fabric, techniques for preservation of fruits and vegetables, textile dyeing and printing, care during pregnancy, low cost nutritious balanced diet, household food and nutrition security, drudgery reduction and weaving are some of the important areas of training in the home science discipline.